Flaps y la Aviación Española

Flaps y la Aviación Española

Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Flaps y la Aviación Española

Flaps is a aircraft part from the wing.
For landing and start the one most important part.
With this blog we want to show and to explain the world of aviation.
It was a great Spanish aviation magazine. 

Fiat CR-32 bis "Chirri", avión de Joaquín García-Morato y Castaño,  AS con 40 victorias, Ejército del Aire Español, Spanish Air Force. Foto and model by Gerardo Señoráns Barcala.

Airbus Military and Israel Aerospace Industries join forces on C295 AEW&C Programme

Airbus Military and Israel Aerospace Industries join forces on C295 AEW and C Programme

Airbus Military and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) are combining forces to jointly develop and market a new version of the Airbus Military C295 platform fitted with an Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) system produced by ELTA Systems, a wholly owned IAI subsidiary.
The primary sensor of the AEW&C will be the IAI/ELTA 4th Generation Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar with integrated IFF.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to this effect was signed today at the Le Bourget Airshow by IAI Corp. VP and ELTA President, Mr. Nissim Hadas, and Airbus Military CEO Mr. Domingo Ureña. With this agreement, Airbus Military will expand its mission capability to the Airborne Early Warning & Command sector, while ELTA will be expanding its AEW&C fleet to include a turboprop platform.

The C295 AEW&C has been designed to provide high quality 360 Surveillance, creating in real-time an integrated Air and Maritime Situation Picture and Electronic Order of Battle. The AEW&C Situation Picture is shared with friendly forces via Network Centric data links...

C-295 AEW and C

Airbus Military: 14:29 GMT, June 8, 2011 The first Airbus Military C295 development aircraft fitted with an Airbone Early Warning sand Command (AEW&C) rotodome has successfully completed its first flight on 7th June 2011 at Airbus Military’s site in Seville (Spain).

The flight follows extensive research and development work, including wind tunnel testing, leading to the conversion of a C295 to be fitted with the in-house developed rotodome.

The aircraft took off at 17h16 local time (15h16 UTC) and landed at 20h04 local time (18h04 UTC), after a flight lasting 2h48 (wheels off – wheels down). The experimental test pilot Alejandro Madurga captained the flight together with co-pilot Alfonso de Castro, the Flight Test Engineer Juan José Baeza, and the Test Flight Engineer Antonio Ojeda.

The objective of the trials is to verify the aerodynamic and structural impact of the rotodome on the aircraft’s overall structure, handling qualities and performance. The six metre diameter rotodome fitted for the initial trials is a fixed dummy structure. On production aircraft the rotodome would be a fast-rotating device housing a state-of-the-art radar providing full 360 degree and continuous coverage of a selected area.

“This first flight confirmed to us that the C295 is an excellent platform to support such a rotodome”, said Alejandro Maurga after the flight. The behavior of the aircraft and its flying characteristics were very satisfactory and as expected”.

Flight testing will continue during the next three months to complete the feasibility study and fully validate the concept.

Airbus Military’s C295 is an ideal platform for Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) missions. The C295 is currently used for other Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance applications such as maritime patrol, anti-submarine warfare or environmental protection missions, to list just a few. The C295 is a simple but robust platform with proven reliability, used in conflict operations for defence and homeland security missions. It is adaptable to the AEW&C role thanks to its versatility and the largest cabin in its class. The in-house developed Fully Integrated Tactical System (FITS) enables the integration of on-board sensors, including operation and monitoring of the future radar system and display of the
aerial picture.

The current AEW&C trials are to demonstrate the C295’s capability in this sector and thereby expand its range of applications. With the C295, Airbus Military has the tool to open up a new market segment for affordable high-performance AEW&C systems

The C295

The new generation C295 is the ideal aircraft for military transport and civic missions such as humanitarian aid, homeland security, maritime patrol, and environmental surveillance. Thanks to its robustness and reliability, and with simple systems, this medium sized tactical airlifter provides the wide versatility and flexibility required for personnel, troop and bulky/palletized cargo transportation, casualty evacuation, communication and logistic duties, or certified air-dropping capabilities. It is fitted with both civil and military technology equipment which ensures success on demanding tactical missions, as well as growth potential for future equipment installation, and compatibility with the latest civil airspace environment. The 295 is part of Airbus Military’s family of light and medium airlifters which also includes the smaller C212 and CN235 platforms.

Airbus EADS Casa C-295

EADS CASA C 295 Ejército del Aire (Spaish Air Force), Photo via Spanish MoD.
Gerardo Señoráns Barcala with EADS CASA C 295 "Cuidad de Sevilla".

CASA CN-235: HC-144A Ocean Sentry, the new US Coast Guard Maritime Patrol Aircraft

MIAMI -- CASA CN-235 is a Spanish aircraft and today part of EADS. 
The US Coast code is HC-144A Ocean Sentry. This fixed-wing aircraft arrive at the aircraft's new home at Coast Guard Air Station Miami March 10, 2010. This is the first of four Ocean Sentry aircraft that will be stationed in Miami. U.S. Coast Guard photo.

CASA CN-235: HC-144A Ocean SentryMedium Range Surveillance Aircraft

The US Coast Guard will use the HC-144As to perform homeland security and search and rescue missions, enforce laws and treaties including illegal drug interdiction, marine environmental protection, military readiness, and international ice patrol missions, as well as cargo and personnel transport. The size, range and reconfiguration capabilities will fully enable the execution of the multiple missions performed by the Coast Guard.
The HC-144A can remain airborne in excess of nine hours versus four hours maximum for the HU-25 Falcon. Greater endurance allows the aircrew to remain on-scene longer, collect more information, support other assets, and track targets for longer periods of time.



- Equipped with a state of the market Rockwell

-Collins Flight 2 glass cockpit instrument panel, autopilot & avionics suite for a two-person aircrew 

- Mission equipment pallet –interoperable with that of the HC-130J long-range surveillance aircraft and includes: 

  • C4ISR equipment for enhanced situational awareness;
  • improved surveillance through radar and electro-optical/infrared sensors systems;
  • mission data recording; a first-responder/law enforcement and marine communications suite;
  • enhanced secure data encryption capabilities. 

  • See: http://www.uscg.mil/acquisition/mrs/

CASA 2111 Pedro y versiones - Heinkel He 111H-16

Los CASA 2111 Pedro del Ejéricto del Aire formaron en las Alas 25, 26, 27 y 28. A mediados de la década de los setenta fueron dados de baja los últimos aparatos. Su gran despedida lo han hecho en la película Battalla de Inglaterra "Battle of Britain" con los  Hispano Aviación HA-1112C-4K Buchón. Curiosamente contra los Supermarine Spitfire con los mismos motores Rolles-Royce Merlin.

 CASA 2111 Pedro with Hispano Aviación HA-1112C-4K Buchón. Picture by Spanish Ministry of Defense.

CASA 2111 Pedro. Spanish Ministry of Defense

CASA 2111 Pedro. Spanish Ministry of Defense.

3 CASA 2111 Pedro over Spain. Spanish Ministry of Defense.

CASA 2111 Pedro. Cabina. Cockpit. Spanish Ministry of Defense.

CASA 2111 Pedro . Camuflaje para la película "Batalla de Inglaterra". Camouflage for the film Battle of Britain. Spanish Ministry of Defense.

Hispano Aviación HA-1109 - HA-1112 Buchón "Variantes" y Messerschmitt Bf 109 + Me 109 "Variantes".

The Hispano Aviacion HA-1109 and HA-1112 were license-built versions of the German Messerschmitt Me 109G-2 developed in Spain during and after Second World War (WWII). 
The Spanish produced version of the Messerchmitt Me109 was to be designated Me-109J.The HA-1112 Buchón was in service on until 1965. During this last year the HA 1112 flew alongside the F-104G Starfighters of the Spanish Air Force!

By Gerardo Señoráns Barcala

 Messerschmitt Bf 109B-1. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.  

Messerschmitt Bf 109B-1. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid. 
 Messerschmitt Bf 109C-2. En la postguerra el "BF-109" sirvió en el Grupo 25 de Reus, en la Escuela de Caza, y en el aeródromo de Alcalá de Henares, hasta 1953. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-3 "Emil", Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-3, Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

Un Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3 en el aeródromo de El Prat al acabar la guerra.  

Messerschmitt Bf 109E-1 with Hispano Suiza 12Z 89engine

Messerschmitt BF-109E-1 with Hispano Suiza 12Z 89 engine. This was a 12 cylinder rated at 970hp. A test installation was made in a E-1 airframe after which the 25 airframes delivered from Germany were finished. When these were delivered production of 175 completely Spanish aircraft was started. This type was designated HA-1109-J1L and the first flew in 1947. 

Messerschmitt BF-109E-1 with Hispano Suiza 12Z 89 engine.

Hispano Aviación HA-1109-K1L 

The Spanish Government arranged in 1942 a manufacturing licence with Messerschmitt AG to build the Bf 109G-2, with Daimler Benz DB-605A engines, propellers, instruments, and weapons to be supplied from Germany. In the war this proved impossible, as Germany was incapable of meeting her own needs, let alone Spain’s; in the event, only twenty-five airframes (minus their tails) and not even half the necessary drawings were delivered. Reason were, that Germany does not trust the Spanish Government.

Hispano Aviación HA-1109-K1L (C4-J22) "Tripala" con el motor de Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

Hispano Aviación HA-1109-K1L "Tripala"

Hispano Aviación HA-1109-K1L "Tripala" con cohetes. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

Data: Hispano Aviación HA-1109-K1L with Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17 engine and the Havilland Hydromatic propeller.
* Wing span: 9,92 m (32 ft, 6 inches)
* Length: 8.49 m (26 ft, 3 inches)
* Height: 2.60 m (8 ft, 6 inches)
* Wing surface: 16 m² (172 square ft)
* Wing load: 200 kg/m2 (41 lb/square ft)
* Empty weight: 2,475 kg (5456 lb)
* Maximum weight: 3,200 kg (7054 lb)
* Engine: 1,300 hp Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17 V12; three-bladed Hamilton propeller
* Maximum speed: 600 Km/h (324 knots)
* Cruise speed: 400 km/h (216 knots)
* Service ceiling: 9800 m (32,150 ft)
* Range: 690 km (373 NM) without external fuel containers
* Crew: 1 man
* Armament: two 20 mm Hispano-Suiza 404/408 cannons; two 80 mm, eight rocket Pilatus devices

Hispano Aviación HA-1110-K1L 
Biplaza - two seat tandem trainer

El primer y único Hispano Aviación HA-1110-K1L Biplaza "Tripala" con el motor de Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17.
The only built "Tripala" as two seat tandem trainer. 


Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M4L Buchón 
Biplaza - two seat tandem trainer

Biplaza del Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M4L Buchón con el motor Rolls Royce Merlin. Uno de los dos fue transformado de un HA-1110-K1L y otro nuevo con el Merlin. En total se fabricaron 3 biplazas del HA-1112 para el entrenamiento. Estos aviones fueron dotados a las Alas de Caza 7 de "El Copero" y la Ala 47, BA Tablada-, pero también estuvieron destinados en BA Gando y a la BA El Aaiún, Sahara. 

In 1951 work began on a two seat trainer version, the HA-1110-K1L with the Hispano Suiza engine. In 1954 the two-seat tandem trainer were re-engined with the Merlin engine. One new built and only built  HA-1110-K1L becomes the the HA-1112-M4L.


Biplaza del Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M4L Buchón con el motor Rolls Royce Merlin.
Española. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L -C-4K Buchón

The supply of Hispano Suiza engines was limited however and again a new engine had to be found. The only alternative was the Rolls Royce Merlin engine which became available after the dropping of arms embargos in 1952. In 1953 the Merlin 500-45 was ordered, which provided 1610hp for take-off. The first Rolls Royce powered aircraft, the HA-1109-M1L flew for the first time on 30 December 1954. The aircraft was fitted with a four bladed propeller. This aircraft performed much better than the Hispano Suiza engined types. The production version of the Merlin powered type was the HA-1112-M1L which entered service in 1956. The tandem two-seaters were also re-engined and became the HA-1112-M4L.

Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L Buchón. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

En esta foto se puede aprecias el diseño del Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L Buchón. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.


Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L Buchón, Ala 47 de Tablada, España. Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.

Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L Buchón de la antigua Ala 47. Su actuación militar más importante tuvo lugar entre 1957 y 1958 durante el conflicto de Sidi Ifni, Sahara Española.  Foto: Vía Ejército del Aire, Madrid.


Data: Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L  with the Rolls-Royce Merlin 500-45 engine.

* Wing span: 9.92 m (32 ft, 6 inches)
* Length: 9.13 m (30 ft)
* Height: 2.60 m (8 ft, 6 inches)
* Wing surface: 16 m² (172 square ft)
* Wing load: 206 kg/m² (42.2 lb/square ft)
* Empty weight: 2,666 kg (5877 lb)
* Maximum weight: 3,330 kg (7341 lb)
* Engine: 1,610 hp [Rolls-Royce Merlin] 500/45 V12, a four-bladed Rotol propeller
* Maximum speed: 665 Km/h (360 knots)
* Service ceiling: 10,200 m (33,500 ft)
* Range: 765 km (415 NM) without external fuel containers
* Crew: 1 man
* Armament: two 20 mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404/408 cannons; and two 80 mm, eight rocket Oerlikon devices

Hispano Aviación HA 200 Saeta - E-14 + Hispano Aviación HA-220 Super Saeta - C-10C

Los excelentes resultados obtenidos en los ensayos de los dos prototipos, el Ejército del Aire realizó en el año 1957, un pedido por 10 ejemplares de preserie, que reciben la denominación de fábrica Hispano Aviación HA-200R1. Estos ejemplares posian de una cabina presurizada, que se estreno el segundo prototipo. 
El Ejército del Aire realiza en 1959, un pedido por 30 aviones de serie, cuya denominación es HA-200A. Así mismo éste mismo año de 1959 finaliza el contrato del profesor Willi Messerschmitt, que regresa a Alemania con su equipo, aunque siempre mantendría intereses financieros con la industria aeronáutica española a través de sus propias empresas.
Los 10 aparatos de la serie preliminar fueron vendidos en 1959 a la Fuerza Aérea Egipcia, modificados como versión HA-200B y armados con un cañón de 20 mm. Se entregaron en 1960 y allí se les llamó "Al-Kahira". De 1960 a 1965, Egipto en factoría de la empresa nacional Helwan fabricó 90 de estos aviones bajo licencia, los cuales tomaron parte en el conflicto árabe-israelí de 1967 y 1973.

El Ejército del Aire: llegó a contar con un total de 122 ejemplares:
- 2 prototipos
-10 aviones de pre serie, renombrados como HA-200B Saeta después de ser modificados.
- 30 aviones de la serie HA-200A Saeta. (28 / E.14) (2 / C-10A)
- 55 aviones de la serie HA-200D Saeta. (E.14B, luego C-10B)
- 25 aviones de la serie HA-220 Super Saetas. (C.10C / A-10C).

El Hispano Aviación HA-200 Saeta fue el primer reactor que llego a vender España Fuerza a una nación exterior. La compra de los Saete por un país extranjero recalco la capacidad tecnológica de España. Ademas fue una muestra de confianza dela industria exterior aportar por aviación española.
Egipcio fue unos de los primeros países en el mundo que han compadro nueves aviones para su Fuerza Aérea Egipcia y llegó a operar un total de 100 ejemplares:
- 10 aviones de la serie HA-200B vendidos por España.
- 90 aviones construidos bajo licencia.

Características técnicas: 

- Tripulación: 2 - 

- Longitud: 8,97m - 

- Envergadura: 10,93 m

- Altura: 2,85 m (sin carga)

- Superficie alar: 17,4 m² 

- Peso vacío: 2.100 kg 

- Peso cargado: 3.700 kg

- Planta motriz: 2× Turboméca Marboré VI 

- Empuje normal: 4,7 kN de empuje cada uno 

- Velocidad: 690 km/h

- Alcance: 1.500 km

- Techo de servicio: 13.000 m

Hispano Aviación HA-200 Saeta - E-14, Ejército del Aire Español. 
Model y photo by Gerardo Señoráns Barcala.

Hispano Aviación HA-200 Saeta in Spanish aviation magazine Flaps, Valladolid, España.

Hispano Aviación HA-220 Super Saeta -C-10C

Hispano Aviación HA-220 Super Saeta. El Ejército del Aire adquirió 25 ejemplares en 1967 para utilizarlos en misiones de apoyo táctico. Ground attack.

Hispano Aviación HA-220 Super Saeta. Un ejemplar del HA-200D Super Saeta, fue transformado 1965 en monoplaza para ataque al suelo como prototipo.

Hispano Aviación HA-220 -Super Saeta- (C-10C). 406 Escuadrón de Experimentación (B.A. de Torrejón de Ardoz).

El avión Hispano Aviación HA-220 -Super Saeta- del 214 Escuadrón de Morón de la Frontera (Sevilla) en vuelo.

Joaquín García-Morato y Castaño

Montag, 4. Oktober 2010

Joaquín García-Morato y Castaño

Joaquín García-Morato y Castaño (Melilla, 4 de mayo de 1904 - Griñón, 4 de abril de 1939), Conde de Jarama.
Militar y aviador español. Está considerado como el máximo as de la aviación española hasta la fecha.


Joaquín García-Morato y Castaño


Joaquín with his Fiat CR-32bis "Chirri".
 Joaquín with his Fiat CR-32bis "Chirri" and his emblem on the aircraft tail -right - three birgs and his words: Vista, suerte y al toro!
Fiat CR-32bis "Chirri", Ace "Joaquín García-Morato y Castaño. Está considerado como el máximo as de la aviación Española hasta la fecha.
Ejército del Aire - Spanish Air Force - Spanische Luftwaffe. Foto, Maqueta y Texto by Gerardo Señoráns Barcala.